The DNA profile of Rutherford B. Hayes
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The DNA of an American President
Rutherford Birchard Hayes, 19th President of the United States of America, was a defining figure in the history of the modern United States. Hayes' tenure from 1877-1881 was critical for America following the devastating Civil War and during the South's reintegration with the rest of the country.
Hayes was born on October 4, 1822, in Delaware, Ohio. His parents were Rutherford Hayes and Sophia Birchard. Hayes' father died ten weeks before his birth, and his mother provided for his education with the help of her sister. She influenced his educational path - Hayes attended the local school and read widely in private. He later studied at Kenyon College in Gambier, Ohio, earning his degree in 1842 at the top of his class. He continued his studies at Harvard Law School and qualified as a lawyer.
His genealogy is fascinating, tracing back to several pre-state lines. Hayes' paternal ancestors moved to New England from Scotland in the 17th century, making him a member of haplogroup R1b, which is very common in western Europe. His direct paternal line runs for many generations to George Hayes, who emigrated from Scotland to Connecticut, USA in 1680. Haplogroup membership is determined by the Y chromosome, which is passed from father to son and therefore confirms his patrilineal ancestry.
Hayes served in the Union Army during the Civil War and made a name for himself through distinguished service and valiant leadership. After the war, he entered politics and served three terms as governor of Ohio before running for the presidency in 1876. His election was extremely controversial, as he won the Electoral College but lost the popular vote - an event historically known as the Compromise of 1877.
During his presidency, Hayes championed civil rights, education, and reform in Southern states. He rejected positivist jurisprudence and emphasized natural law. He also ushered in the end of the Reconstruction era in the Southern states and encouraged the development of new industrial technologies.
Hayes' presidency was marked by high personal character and integrity. He led the White House with a good-natured, unpretentious attitude and helped restore the image of the presidency that had been tarnished by the scandal of the Grant administration. Hayes opted for a single term and retired from office in 1881.
After his presidency, he was active in education and veterans issues. His succession has been honored by several educational institutions, including the Hayes Elementary School in Ohio and the Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center.
A worthy ancestor of a great American lineage and a formidable human character, Rutherford B. Hayes was an American president and a historic figure to remember. His involvement and leadership during a very turbulent time in American history impacted the future of the country. Through genealogy and haplogroup research, we can better understand and appreciate his unique impact on American history.
Rutherford B. Hayes belonged to haplogroup R-M343 (subgroup R-ZS349)in the paternal line.
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